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2020银行考试题库:英语通用模拟题(三)

2020-03-24 17:47:33|

Passage 3

利记网上Having a sense of purpose may add years to your life, regardless of what the purpose is, research suggests.

利记网上Not only does it contribute to healthy aging, but it may also stave off early death, according to a study of 7,000 Americans.

利记网上The research, published in Psychological Science, applies across adult life, says a US-Canadian team.

利记网上It may be because purposeful people look after their health better and are physically fitter, they believe.

利记网上The study tracked the physical and mental health of more than 7,000 US adults aged 20 to 75 years.

利记网上Their purpose in life was assessed by the extent to which they agreed or disagreed with three statements:

Some people wander aimlessly through life, but I am not one of them. I live life one day at a time and don’t really think about the future. I sometimes feel as if I’ve done all there is to do in life.

When followed up 14 years later, the researchers found purposeful people had outlived their counterparts, even when controlling for other factors such as negative mood.

Furthermore, the added years did not appear to depend on the person’s age, or whether or not they had retired from work.

利记网上In other words, having a purpose in life appears to be good for you across the adult years, the researchers say.

利记网上Dr Patrick Hill, of the department of psychology at Carleton University in Canada, said the notion of living a life of purpose — setting large goals that direct your day-to-day activities — seemed to be protective on a number of fronts.

利记网上“In this study it is mortality, but other studies have shown people report better health,” he told BBC News.

“There is clearly a benefit from feeling a sense of direction or feeling you have these goals directing your day-to-day life.”

9. What dose the text mainly talk about?

利记网上A. The benefits of having goals for life

利记网上B. The relations between having goals for life expectancy

C. A study of 7000 Americans

D. Why purposeful people live longer

10. Who will live a shorter life than others?

利记网上A. Grace who love sports and plans a fitness club

B. Anna who enjoys cooking and eating delicious food

利记网上C. Jim who wants to be a wealthy man within 10 years

利记网上D. Emma who wishes to buy a big house with her own money

利记网上11. Where is the text most likely come from ?

利记网上A. A newspaper B. A report

利记网上C. A magazine D. A journal

Passage 4

Large industrialized countries are now in a recession. What are the prospects for economic recovery?

利记网上The three most important industrial economies in the world are, at the moment, facing enormous problems. Germany is struggling with the cost of reunification and is in recession. Japan is also experiencing recession and the United States has a large budget deficit.

利记网上Forecasters and analysts face questions about the prospects of an economic recovery. Here are some of their findings:

The election of a new president of the United States gave hope to the rest of the world. If the US recovered, the rest of the world would face a more promising future. However, analysts now accept that the US will only recover very slowly.

Consumer and investor confidence is still lacking. Large deficits and declining short-term interest rates mean that there is little scope for economic stimulus.

The Japanese economy, after years of trade and budget surpluses, is in deep recession and the growth rate has slowed down considerably. German economists have lowered their

利记网上forecasts for economic growth this year. The lowering of German rates may bring some relief to other members of the European Exchange Rate Mechanism (ERM). However, Germany’s importance as Europe’s largest export market may decline.

However, in some parts of the world, there are more positive signs, particularly in some Latin American countries and in South-East Asia. Analysts say that, as long as the rate of interest stays above the rate of growth in national income, then the ratio of debt to income will get worse. Falling interest rates help towards overcoming this problem. They believe it may take several years before there is real recovery. However, advances in technology are offering hope for the world economy.

12. The important industrial economies mentioned in the passage are _____.

A. Latin American countries and in South-East Asia

利记网上B. German, Japan and China

C. German, Japan and United States

D. Not mentioned

13. Find words or expressions in the above article which have the meaning of “The amount by which something is more than what is needed”?

利记网上A. deficit B. surpluses C. decline D. recession

利记网上14. According to the passage, which one is NOT true?

利记网上A. Consumer and investor still hold confidence in the US economy.

利记网上B. There is little scope for provoking the economy.

C. US is predicted to be recovering very slowly.

D. The US recovery would give the rest of the world a more promising future.

15. It could be implied that the rising of the interest rate _____.

A. can help towards overcoming this problem about the ratio of debt to income

B. may lead Germany’s importance as Europe’s largest export market to decline

利记网上C. may bring some relief to other members of the European Exchange Rate Mechanism

利记网上D. None of above

16. The tone of the passage suggests that the author is _____ about the world economy.

A. doubtful B. indifferent C. positive D. pessimistic

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